Mosquitoes are some of the most troublesome insects. These insects are capable of transmitting harmful diseases which can be lethal. It is thus important to take prudent measures to control the breeding and spread of mosquitoes. Mosquito breeding is often a challenge that faces Singapore may times during the year. While there have been several control measures taken up to deal with this challenge, many people are still not informed on effective ways to fight mosquito breeding. Here are a number of effective anti mosquito breeding tips.
- Cut unwanted vegetation
Mosquitoes thrive in places where they can have a suitable habitat. Such places include those covered with lots of shrubs and vegetation. Plants offer suitable branches and leaves where mosquitoes can lurk and breed. Environments with a lot of vegetation also offer an atmosphere that is bereft of light. To prevent mosquito breeding, it is important to do away with all the vegetation which may not be useful. Large bushes that are located close to the house, for instance, need to be trimmed entirely. The best environment for a mosquito-free area should be made up of only a few essential plants.
- Do away with litter
Common forms of litter like plastic bags, waste paper, and old clothing materials can lead to mosquito infestation. This is because such litter provides secured spaces where mosquitoes can access easily and use to breed during the day. Materials like clothing can also attract moisture or water and thus provide a damp mosquito habitat. Litter sometimes comes as a result of poor waste management. It is important to have a regular schedule for collecting litter and cleaning up the environment around your home. Some types of litter which cannot be disposed of can be burned.
- Install lights
Research has proven that mosquitoes tend to prefer unlit environments compared to those that are lit. Cracks, crevices, alleys and attics are thus the ideal habitats for mosquitoes. While it is nearly impossible to have a house which lacks any kind of spaces, it is not impossible to light them up. If you have noticed a mosquito infestation, therefore, consider installing some lights in areas where darkness persists. Installing adequately bright lights around the house can also serve as a preventive measure.
- Drain stagnant water
Stagnant water is an ideal environment for mosquito breeding. Mosquitoes prefer such an environment to lay their eggs. Since mosquito eggs hatch in just 24 to 48 hours, stagnant water can lead to a massive infestation within a short time. Polluted water is also very attractive to mosquitoes. These insects can feed on plant juices and nectar found in polluted water. Some mosquito species breed in clean stagnant water as well. To prevent mosquito breeding, all sources of water around the environment should be kept dry. This includes containers, pits, puddles and other likely sources of stagnant water.
- Use oil repellents
In cases where it is impossible to effectively drain water, oil repellents can be used. Mosquitoes lay their eggs on the surface of the water. This allows the eggs to hatch successfully into larvae. Using suitable forms of oil on the stagnant water can prevent the hatching of eggs due to suffocation. Small amounts of oil can be sufficient for large pools of water since oil floats evenly on the surface of the water. There are many forms of oil suitable for this job but organic plant oil is recommended for safety reasons.
- Use insecticides
Insecticides are also very successful when it comes to fighting mosquito infestation. Insecticides can be used around the house in plausible mosquito habitats. In addition, insecticides can be sprayed directly to mosquitoes already in the living space. Insecticides offer an instant and effective solution when other solutions have failed to work. They can also serve as a supplementary measure when other measures have been taken to prevent mosquito breeding.
- Check the drainage system
Ineffective drainage systems can lead to waste water clogging up the passage. Such water will ultimately result into a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Checking the drainage system for leaks, dirt and filth material is the best way to avoid mosquito breeding grounds. Periodic removal of surplus water from sinks and other catchment areas is necessary for a mosquito-free zone.
- Use special containers for plants
Plants and flowers are essential around the house. They provide a unique ambiance and fresh atmosphere. They can, however, be a cause for concern as they are able to host mosquitoes. A careful balance is thus required if you must have some plants without attracting mosquitoes. Such a balance can be achieved with the use of special containers that are air-tight. Pots also need to be filled to the brim when they are used for flowers or other plants. In general, plants and flowers should be kept to a minimum in areas where mosquito breeding is rampant.
- Cover water
It is impossible to lack water in the house as it is essential for daily survival. Since water can attract mosquitoes, however, it needs to be covered at all times when it is not being used. All vessels that keep water need to be properly covered especially at night when mosquitoes are most active. Spilled water needs to be wiped off regularly as it can also be dangerous.
- Maintain general cleanliness
Hygiene is always the best way to fight pests and diseases. Maintaining high levels of cleanliness in and around the house is the best measure when it comes to dealing with mosquitoes. Disposal of waste should be done prudently in a timely manner. Keeping a schedule for overall cleaning can also be very beneficial to winning the fight against mosquito pests.
Mosquitoes are undoubtedly a nuisance around homes. They are able to breed extremely fast and there are many health risks associated with these tiny insects. Being in a country like Singapore where the threat of mosquitoes is all too real many times during the year, it is critical to have information on how to deal with these pests. Taking the recommended actions will help you deal with the menace effectively.